Lectionary Year B
June 22, 2003
Step IV: Broader Context
(DH) A. PRIMITIVE CHRISTIANITY
The Gospel Parallels (Mt 8:23-27; Lk 8:22-25)
Matthew as well as Luke do not come close in telling the calming of the
storm in as vivid a way as Mark does. In Matthew, Jesus first asks the
disciples about their faith before calming the storm. Mark and Luke tell
the story in reverse: first Jesus calm the storm, then he approaches his
disciples. However, neither Matthew nor Luke retain the harshness of the
disciple's as well as Jesus' words: "Teacher, don't you care at all that
we are about to perish (Mk 4:38)?" Matthew changes this statement to
"Lord, save us, we are going to die (v. 25), and Luke writes "Master,
Master, we are going to perish (v. 24)." In Mark, Jesus' reply is just as
harsh as the disciples' demand: "Why are you such cowards! (Mk 4:40)?"
While Matthew maintains this notion in Jesus' speech in the Markan words
(ti deiloi este? v. 26), Luke alters this question simply to "Where is your
faith [pou he pistis humon) (v. 25)?" Thus, the Markan account of the
calming of the storm appears to be much more vivid and dramatic--as harsh
words are exchanged by Jesus and his disciples--than the tamed and toned
down versions of the same incident in Matthew and Luke.
Other NT context pericopes:
"kurie, ou melei soi ..." Lord, is it of no concern to you ...
Martha--complaining about having to do all the work while her sister Mary
enjoys the Lord's company--approaches Jesus with the same words with which
the disciples address him in the boat during the storm (Mk 4:38 - except:
2 Tim 1:7
"For God did not give us a spirit of cowardice (pneuma deilias) but rather
[a spirit] of power/authority and of love and of self-discipline."
(DH) B. OLD TESTAMENT/ JUDAISM
OT pericopes from the Nestle text's outer margin:
Jonah 1:4-5a; 16
But the LORD hurled a great wind upon the sea, and such a mighty storm came
upon the sea that the ship threatened to break up. Then the mariners were
afraid, and each cried to his god. ... Then the men feared the LORD even
more, and the offered a sacrifice to the LORD and made vows.
You silence the roaring of the seas, the roaring of their waves, the tumult
of the peoples.
You rule the raging of the sea; when its waves rise, you still them.
Some went down to the sea in ships, doing business on the mighty waters;
they saw the deeds of the LORD, his wondrous works in the deep. For he
commanded and raised the stormy wind, which lifted up the waves of the sea.
They mounted up to heaven, they went down to the depths; their courage
melted away in their calamity; they reeled and staggered like drunkards,
and were at their wits' end. Then they cried to the LORD in trouble, and
he brought them out of their distress; he made the storm still, and the
waves of the sea were hushed. Then they were glad because they had quiet,
and he brought them to their desired haven. Let them thank the LORD for
his steadfast love, for his wonderful works to humankind. Let them extol
him in the congregation of the people, and praise him in the assembly of
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