Lectionary Year B
June 8, 2003
John 15:26-27; 16:4b-15
(FS) A. IMMEDIATE CONTEXT
Pre:The pericope comes within the section of ch. 13-17. Jesus is alone with his
disciples, the night of his betrayal and arrest. The larger section opens
with Jesus washing the feet of his disciples. He explains the significance
of his action, and the relationship that it establishes between him and the
disciples. The section begins with some dialogue and questions and answers
among Jesus and the disciples, but with Ch. 15 the shift is to discourses
by Jesus. He explains his approaching departure (Passion/Resurrection/Ascension), and why it is necessary.
(FS) B. THE COMPOSITIONAL WHOLE
1. Brief Outline of Fourth Gospel in C.K. Barrett, The Gospel According to St. John (p. 11)
1:19-12:50       Narratives, Conversations, Discourses
13:1- 17:26      JESUS ALONE WITH HIS DISCIPLES
18:1- 20:31      Passion & Resurrection
2. Overall shape and intent
a. The "thesis statement" for the Fourth Gospel may be found in
John 20: 30ff:"...these are written that you may believe that
Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you
might have life in his name."
b. Kummel believes that the author writes to establish and
secure the faith of Christians (Intro. to the NT, p. 162)
(FS) C. AUTHORSHIP
(Kummel, Intro to the NT, pp. 168-174)
a. Beginning with Irenaeus, many have thought the author to be
John son of Zebedee, "the disciple of the Lord", who published
the Gospel in the first century A.D. while in Ephesus.
b. Many modern commentators doubt this, pointing to lack of
coverage in the fourth Gospel of events involving the sons of
Zebedee which are prominent in the Synoptic gospels.
c. Who knows? Kummel argues that the only fairly certain thesis is
that the author at least had close contact with a Palestinian
Christian who had had some kind of participation in the Passion
history of Jesus.
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