Lectionary Year A
June 30, 2002
(JFC) A. IMMEDIATE CONTEXT
Pre - The first 9 chapters of the Gospel of Matthew tell of Jesus' advent,
teachings, healings, miracles & callings. As this part of this Gospel aims
toward the pericope we consider this week, Jesus teaches mostly about the
callings of disciples, apostles and groups of servants who follow Him and obey
God. Eventually, in Scripture, we will know them as "the Church".
Post - Following our text, we read of Jesus' dealings with John the
Baptist, the Pharisees, Peter, parables and stories, His entry into
Jerusalem, His passion, death and resurrection.
(JFC) B. ORGANIZATION OF THE COMPOSITIONAL WHOLE
Matthew focuses on Jesus' instructional callings. Here, Jesus teaches
that the Church is the fulfillment of ancient Israel's mission as God's
Servant People. Matthew seems to emphasize that the Church is made up
inclusively of all people. The church is a higher example of following
Jesus than Israel was in obeying God. This week's lection from the Gospels
tells how God and Jesus and followers are united in mission. As we go, we
unite others into that circle.
(JFC) C. ISSUES OF AUTHORSHIP
Twice in Matthew's Gospel (9:9 & 10:3), the name Matthew is mentioned as a
tax collector and called as a disciple by Jesus. Markan and Lukan parallels
use the name, Levi. Commentators doubt that this person authored this
Gospel. Have we encountered in these pages the recollection that a second
century Bishop, Papias, claimed that Matthew, an apostle of Jesus' wrote
Jesus' sayings in Hebrew? Our Gospel by that name is written in Greek and of
much more than just sayings. It was likely written in Syria between 65 and
75 CE, give or take 5 years.
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