Lectionary Year A
June 23, 2002
Romans 6:1b-11

Initial Acquaintance/Rough Translation

A. Comparing Translations

(JFC) The New International Version and the New Living Translation difer some, according to these notes:

1b so that grace may increase? - NIV
so that God can show us more kindness and forgiveness? - NLT

4 We were therefore buried with him through baptism into death - NIV
For we died and were buried with Christ by baptism. - NLT

through the glory of the Father, we too may live new life. - NIV
by the glorious power of the Father, now we may live new lives. - NLT

5 If we have been united with him - NIV
Since we have united with him - NLT

we will certainly also be united with him in his resurrection. - NIV
we will also be raised as he was. - NLT

6 so that the body of sin might be done away with, - NIV
so that sin might lose its power in our lives. - NLT

7 because anyone who has died has been freed from sin. - NIV
For when we died with Christ we were set free from the power of sin. - NLT

8 we believe that we will also live with him. - NIV
we know we will also share his new life. - NLT

9 For we know that since Christ was raised from the dead, he cannot die again; - NIV
We are sure of this because Christ rose from the dead, and he will never die again. - NLT

10 The death he died, he died to sin once for all; - NIV
He died once to defeat sin, - NLT

11 In the same way, count yourselves dead to sin but alive to God in Jesus Christ. - NIV
So you should consider yourselves dead to sin and able to live for the glory of God through Christ Jesus. - NLT

B. Textual Criticism

(JFC) 1 For evpime,nwmen, a present, active, subjunctive, evpime,noumen, a future, active, indicative or evpime,nomen, are suggested by some editors, while the greatest majority of the Alexandrian Witnesses retain the text as printed, which seems more like what Paul might have originally said/written.

11 At the end of this verse, a few witnesses add tw kuriw hmwn, while many more leave it as printed. Metzger (TCGNT) says these "words appear to be a liturgical expansion, derived perhaps from ver. 23. If they were original no good reason can be found why they should have been deleted from such weighty witnesses as Papyrus 46, . ."

C. Rough Translation

(JFC) 1b Should we continue/stay/persist (present, active, subjunctive) in sin, so that grace might extend/grow/become more (aorist, active, subjunctive)? 2 No indeed. All died (aorist, active, indicative) in sin, how then shall we live/be alive/come back to life in oneself? 3 Or are you ignorant/fail to understand/disregard that as many as were baptized into/in Christ Jesus, into the death of His were baptized? 4 Then we were buried together with Him through the baptism into the death, so that as was raised Christ from dead through the glory of the Father, so also we in newness of life might/should live/walk/go or move about. 5 For if sharing we are becoming in the likeness of the death of His, so also of the resurrection we shall be; 6 this we are knowing (present, active, participle) that the old/former us/we human was crucified together (aorist, passive, indicative), so that would be canceled/nullified/destroyed/rendered ineffective (aorist, passive, subjunctive) the body of the sin, so that no longer be slaves to the sin; 7 for the one having faced death (aorist, active, participle) is declared righteous by the sin. 8 But since we died with Christ, we believe that also we shall live with Him, 9 we are knowing (perfect, active, participle) that Christ was raised (aorist, passive, participle) from death no more does He die (present, active, indicative), death of His no longer has power. 10 For He died, the sin died once for all time; but He lives, He lives to the God. 11 And in this way you are to be reckoned/counted as righteous (present, middle or passive, imperative) yourselves [to be] dead on the one hand to the sin and on the other hand alive to the God in Christ Jesus.

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