Lectionary Year A
May 12, 2002
(DH)* v.2 Has God given Jesus authority "of" all flesh or "over" all flesh?
Does this mean that Jesus has "merely" as much authority as a "human being
of flesh and blood can have, or was he given an authority that goes way
beyond that? And do the two, the fleshly and the more than fleshly
authority, necessarily oppose one another?
* v.3 Note that Jesus does not promise eternal "bios," i.e. biological
life. It seems that the eternal "life," "zoe", has a different quality of
* Throughout this pericope, the writer switches tenses between "edokas" and
"dedoka." Whereas "God's" giving appears to be a one-time thing (aorist
"edoka"), Jesus' giving implies an action which began in the past and is
still ongoing (perfect - dedoka). Interesting!
* v.8 Both the "believing" and the "having-been-sent" are a one-time
thing (aorist). There appears to be no doubt as to where Jesus came from.
* v.11 cf. the "Book of Revelation" in which Jesus is characterized as
"the one who was, and who is, and who is the coming one!"
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