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Union Army Uniforms and Insignia of the Civil War


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Designs of Civil War Corps Badges

CORPS IMAGE ARMY ADOPTED NOTES

1st

1st Corps Army of the Potomac March 21, 1863

2nd

2nd Corps Army of the Potomac March 21, 1863

3rd

3rd Corps Army of the Potomac March 21, 1863

4th

4th Corps Army of the Cumberland April 26, 1864

5th

5th Corps Army of the Potomac March 21, 1863

6th

6th Corps Army of the Potomac March 21, 1863

7th

7th Corps Dept. of Arkansas June 1, 1865

8th

8th Corps Middle Dept. 1864 Many period examples
No official record of adoption

9th

9th Corps Dept. of Ohio
Army of the Potomac
April 10, 1864 original was gilt later colors
most have a nine over the gun and anchor

10th

10th Corps Dept. of South July 26, 1864 Merged with 24th Corps

11th

11th Corps Army of the Potomac March 21, 1863 Merged into 20th Corps

12th

12th Corps Potomac March 21, 1863 Merged into 20th Corps

14th

14th Corps Army of the Cumberland April 26, 1864

15th

15th Corps Army of the Tennessee February 14, 1865 On the badge is a cartridge box with the words 40 rounds

16th

16th Corps Military Division of
West Mississippi
1865 No documentation of adoption
Period examples exist

17th

17th Corps Dept. of the Tennessee March 25, 1865

18th

18th Corps Army of the James June 7, 1864 Troops transferred to 24th and 25th Corps

19th

19th Corps Middle Military Division November 17, 1864 In 1863 a four pointed star was used.

20th

20th Corps Army of the Cumberland April 26, 1864 Created 1864 from 11th and 12th Corps
Used badge of 12th Corps

22nd

22nd Corps Dept. of Washington c. 1864 No documentation of adoption
Period examples exist

23rd

23rd Corps Dept. of Ohio
Dept. of North Carolina
September 25, 1864

24th

24th Corps Dept. of Virginia March 18, 1865 Created 1864 from white troops of 10th and 18th Corps

25th

25th Corps Army of the James
Dept. of Texas
February 20, 1865 Created 1864 from black troops of 10th and 18th Corps

Hancock's
1st Veteran (1)

1st Vet. Corps Middle Military Div.
and others
Dec 1864 Officer's version illustrated
Enlisted seven pointed figure
with center circle

Cavalry Corps

Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 1864 A few original period examples exist
No documentation of adoption.

Wilson's
Cavalry Corps

Wilson's Cav. Corps Military Division of
the Mississippi
July 1865 Few if any original examples exist
Documentation of consideration of the design exists

The designs illustrated above are taken from a loose folio that appears to date from the 1920s or 1930s and was a souvenir of a Civil War battlefield. Finding original images of all of the corps badge would be very difficult. Large numbers of veteran's badges, reproductions and fakes exist and confuse the field. Original badges were generally worn on the top of the kepi, left side of the hat, or over the left breast. Issued enlisted men's badges were cut from colored material. Officers' badges were privately purchased and often of higher quality. Both metallic and cloth examples of both officer and enlisted badges exist. The metallic badges were often jeweler-made, pin-backed and engraved with the soldier's name and unit. Badges were colored as follows:


NOTES

  1. Hancock's First Veteran Corps did not function as an army corps. It was an effort to reenlist discharged veteran soldiers into U.S. rather than state units. By the end of the war only ten scattered regiments were enrolled.

    More: Original 2nd Corps Badge
    Original 6th Corps Badge
    Original 20th Corps Badge
    More: Badges in Schuyler, Hartley and Graham Catalog
    More: Photo of Officer with 9th Corps Badge
    17th Corps Badge (Artifact)
    Illustration List
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