Humans have two eyelids -The upper and the lower
eyelid. The eyelid is covered on the outside by very thin, delicate skin
and on the inner side by the conjunctiva.
Both the eyelids have muscles in them. The
upper lid has a special muscle, called Levator for elevating
it. The edge of the lid contains glands, which secrete oily
part of tears.
Any idea how many
times we blink?
At least 12 times
Infections of the following types
can cause itchy eyelid.
What shall I do?
Wash eyelids frequently, to remove any sticky discharge in the eye.
Apply hot compresses gently to the swelling without any
It usually bursts on its own.
An antibiotic eye ointment is helpful.
Have you had a lump
on your eyelid for some time? You did not bother about it, since it gave
you no trouble.
That 'lump' is a Chalazion.
A Chalazion is an inflammation of the glands in the skin of the eyelid.
What should be done?
They usually disappear on their own.
But if they are multiple, recurrent, should consult
He may advise chalazion excision, which is a short office
procedure, or a steroid injection may be given into the chalazion.
The whole eyelid is swollen, itchy, red, dry,
scaly. The eye may be stinging, and have burning sensation. This
is due to the altered soapy secretions from the infected eyelids.
It is caused by bacteria, fungi.
What to do?
Wash eyelids frequently with warm water. Use a Q-tip with baby shampoo to
remove scales on the lid.
Antibiotic ointments are useful.
Ulcers with frequent bleeding , recurrent chalazia, keratin
horns on the eyelids especially in elderly may be cancerous and should be shown
to an ophthalmologist.
Trichiasis means misdirected eyelashes.
The eyelashes brush against the inner eye and
lead to watering of the eye.
Various chronic infections and inflammations of eyelids,
like trachoma, Pemphigus, Steven-Johnson syndrome etc. can cause
Can trichiasis be treated?
The ophthalmologist may :