Constitution of the Empire of Corumburg

Chapter I The Nation, its Territory, and the Emperor
Article 1 [Independent Nation]
The Empire of Corumburg is a free, independent, and indivisible Nation.
Article 2 [Boundaries]
The boundaries and chief towns of judicial or administrative districts and of cantons and communes may only be changed pursuant to a law.
Article 3 [Hereditary Crown]
The Crown of the Empire is hereditary in the Selvidge family in accordance with the Family Constitution of 13 February 2003, and the Family Constitution of 11 February 2003.
Article 4 [Emperor]
The person of the Emperor is inviolable.
Article 5 [Majority and Oath of the Emperor]
(1) The Emperor of Corumburg attains his majority on the completion of eighteen years of age. On assuming the reins of government, he shall take the following oath as soon as possible, in the presence of the Chamber of Deputies or of a deputation appointed by it:
(2) "I swear to observe the Constitution and the laws of the Empire of Corumburg, to maintain the national independence and integrity of the territory, as well as public and individual liberties."
Article 6 [Succession of Minors]
If on the death of the Emperor his successor is a minor the regency shall be exercised in accordance with the Family Constitution.
Article 7 [Inability]
(1) If the Emperor finds he is unable to reign, the regency shall be ensured as in the case of minority.
(2) Should the Throne become vacant, the Chamber shall make temporary arrangements for the regency.
Article 8 [Oath of the Regent]
(1) On taking up his functions the Regent shall take the following oath:
(2) "I swear to be faithful to the Emperor; I swear to observe the Constitution and the laws of the country."

Chapter II Corumburgers and Their Rights

Article 9 [Citizenship, Political Rights]
(1) The status of Corumburger shall be acquired, retained, and lost in accordance with the rules determined by civil law.
(2) The Constitution and the other laws relating to political rights determine what conditions in addition to this status are necessary for the exercise of these rights.
(3) By way of derogation from the preceding paragraph, the law may confer the exercise of political rights to non- Corumburgers.
Article 10 [Naturalization]
(1) Naturalization is granted by the Emperor.
(2) The law determines the effects of naturalization.
Article 11 [Basic Rights]
(1) There is no distinction of orders in the Nation.
(2) Corumburgers are equal before the law; they alone are eligible for civil and military service, save as the law may in particular cases otherwise provide.
(3) The Nation guarantees the natural rights of the individual and of the family.
(4) The law guarantees the right to work and assure to every citizen the exercise of this right.
(5) The law organizes the social security, health protection, and rest of workers and guarantee the freedom of trade unions.
(6) The law guarantees freedom of trade and industry, the exercise of the professions and of agricultural labor, subject to any restrictions that may be imposed by the legislature.

Article 12[Individual Freedom]
Individual freedom shall be guaranteed. No one may be prosecuted except for the cases and according to the procedure laid down by the law. No one may be arrested without the reasoned order of the judge served at the time of arrest or within twenty-four hours at the latest.
Article 13 [Legal Judge]
No one may be deprived, against his will, of the Judge assigned to him by the law.
Article 14 [Nulla Poena Sine Lege]
No penalty may be fixed or applied except in pursuance of the law.
Article 15 [Home]
The home is inviolable. No domiciliary visit may be made except in cases and according to the procedure laid down by the law.
Article 16 [Property, Compensation]
No one may be deprived of his property except on grounds of public interest in cases and in the manner laid down by the law and in consideration of prior and just compensation.
Article 17 [No Confiscation]
Confiscation of property as a penalty may not be instituted.
Article 18 [Abolished Penalties]
The death penalty on political grounds and civil death and branding are hereby abolished.
Article 19 [Freedom of Religion]
Freedom of religion and of public worship as well as freedom to express one's religious opinions are guaranteed, subject to the repression of offenses committed in the exercise of such freedoms.
Article 20 [No Forced Religion]
No one may be forced to take part in any way whatsoever in the acts and ceremonies of a religion or to observe its days of rest.
Article 21 [Civil Marriage]
Civil marriage must always precede the nuptial benediction.
Article 22 [Nation and Church]
The Nation's intervention in the appointment and installation of heads of religions, the mode of appointing and dismissing other ministers of religion, the right of any of them to correspond with their superiors and to publish their acts and decisions, as well as the Church's relations with the Nation shall be made by the Emperor with the advice of his Ministers and members of Parliament.
Article 23 [Education, Health]
(1) The Nation ensures that every Corumburger receives primary education which is compulsory and provided free of charge. Medical and social assistance is regulated by the law.
(2) The Nation sets up secondary educational establishments and the necessary courses of higher education. It also establishes free vocational training courses.
(3) The law determines the means of supporting Nation education and the conditions under which it is to be supervised by the Government and the communes; it also regulates all educational matters and creates a fund for the exceptionally gifted.
(4) Every Corumburger is free to pursue his studies in the Empire or abroad and to attend universities of his own choosing, subject to the provisions of the law concerning admission to employment and the exercise of certain callings.
Article 24 [Expression]
Freedom of speech in all matters and freedom of the press is guaranteed, except for criticizing the Imperial Family. No censorship may ever be introduced, except for bad press about the Imperial Family. Security may not be demanded of writers, publishers, or printers. Stamp duty on native journals and periodicals is hereby abolished. The Emperor will be the one who decides weather press is in a negative view about the Imperial Family.
Article 25 [Assembly]
Corumburgers have the right to assemble peaceably and unarmed in compliance with the laws governing the exercise of this right which may not require prior authorization. This provision does not apply to open-air political, religious, or other meetings which are fully governed by laws and police regulations.
Article 26 [Association]
Corumburgers enjoy freedom of association. This right shall not be made subject to any prior authorization.
Article 27 [Petition]
Everyone has the right to address petitions signed by one or more persons to the public authorities. Only constituted authorities have the right to address petitions collectively.
Article 28 [Correspondence]
(1) The secrecy of correspondence is inviolable. The law determines the agents responsible for the violation of the secrecy of correspondence entrusted to the postal services. Letters may be opened if the Emperor suspects that conspiracy or criminal acts are about to be performed.
(2) The law determines the guarantee to be afforded to the secrecy of telegrams.
Article 29 [Language]
The law shall regulate the use of languages in administrative and
judicial matters. The official language is English and cannot be changed to anything else unless there is a majority of the citizens that speaks another "real" language.
Article 30 [Proceedings Against Public Officials]
No prior authorization is required for instituting proceedings against public officials for their administrative acts, except as provided for in respect of members of the Government.
Article 31 [Punishment of Public Officials]
Public officials, to whatever order they may belong, members of the Government included, may be deprived of their office, honors, and pensions only if the Emperor so orders.

Chapter III Sovereign Power
[Section 0 General Provision]

Article 32 [Sovereign Power]
(1) The sovereign power resides in the Emperor which generally does the best to represent his people and make decisions on how the census of the people are at the time.
(2) The Emperor exercises it in compliance with this Constitution and the laws of the country.
(3) He shall have no powers other than those formally vested in him by this Constitution and the special laws passed pursuant to the Constitution, and to Family Constitution without prejudice to Article 3.

Section 1 The Emperor 's Prerogative
Article 33 [Executive Power]
The Emperor is the head of the State, the symbol of its unity and the guarantee of national independence. He exercises the executive power in conformity with the Constitution and the laws of the country.
Article 34 [Sanctioning and Promulgation of Laws]
The Emperor sanctions and promulgates the laws. He makes his resolve known within three days of the vote in the Parliament.
Article 35 [Appointments]
(1) The Emperor appoints to civil and military posts, in compliance with and subject to any exceptions made by the law.
(2) No office remunerated by the Nation may be created other than in pursuance of a legislative provision.
Article 36 [Regulations and Orders]
The Emperor enacts the regulations and orders necessary for carrying laws into effect, and he may suspend the laws themselves or dispense with their enforcement, but only in certain circumstances.
Article 37 [Treaties]
(1) The Emperor concludes treaties. These do not come into effect until they have been sanctioned by the Emperor and published in the manner laid down for the publication of laws.
(2) The treaties referred to in Chapter III, Section 4, Article 49a, are sanctioned by a law voted under the conditions laid down in Article 114 (5).
(3) Secret treaties are abolished.

(4) The Emperor enacts the regulations and orders necessary for carrying the treaties into effect in accordance with the procedure governing measures for the execution of laws and with the effects attaching to such measures, without prejudice to matters reserved to the law by the Constitution.
(5) No cession, exchange, or adjunction of territory is effected until a formal law or decree has been signed by the Emperor.
(6) The Emperor commands the armed force; he declares war and the cessation of hostilities.
Article 38 [Pardon]
The Emperor has the right to remit or reduce penalties awarded by the judges, including members of the Government.
Article 39 [Minting Money]
The Emperor has the right to mint money in pursuance of the law.
Article 40 [Awarding Titles and Nobility]
The Emperor has the right to bestow titles of nobility with and without being able to attach any privilege to them.
Article 41 [Awarding Orders]
The Emperor confers civil and military orders, while complying with the provisions of the law.
Article 42 [Prince]
(1) The Emperor may have Himself represented by a Prince of the blood, who shall bear the title of Lieutenant of the Emperor and reside in the Empire.
(2) This representative shall take an oath to observe the Constitution before entering upon the exercise of his powers.
Article 43 [Remuneration]
(1) The Civil List is fixed at a fixed amount of $100,000 a year, when the money is available.
(2) It may be changed by law at the beginning of each year, except it can never be decreased from the previous year. The budget law may allocate each year to the Sovereign Household the sums needed to cover representation expenses.
Article 44 [Residence]
The Imperial Palace in Knoxville are reserved for the residence of the Emperor, until the Empire of Corumburg receives the land of statehood..
Article 45 [Countersignature]
The provisions of the Emperor do not require the countersignature of a responsible member of the Government.

Section 2 Legislature

Article 46 [Parliament]
Each law, except for matters concerning the Imperial Family, requires the assent of the Parliament. Every citizen of Corumburg is a voting member of Parliament.
Article 47 [Proposing Bills]
(1) The Emperor addresses to the Parliament the proposals or bills of law he wishes to submit for adoption.
(2) The Parliament has the right to propose Government Bills to the Emperor.
Article 48 [Authoritative Interpretation]
The interpretation of laws by way of authority may only be effected through the law.

Section 3 Judiciary

Article 49 [Judgments]
(1) Justice is rendered in the name of the Emperor by the courts and the tribunals.
(2) Judgments and decisions are enforced in the name of the Emperor.
Article 49bis [International Institutions]
The exercise of the powers reserved by the Constitution to the
legislature, executive, and judiciary may be temporarily vested by treaty in institutions governed by international law.

Chapter IV Parliament

Article 50 [Representation]
The Parliament represents the country. Members vote without referring to their constituents and may have in view only the general interests of the Empire.
Article 51 [Parliamentary Monarchy, Referendum]
(1) The Empire of Corumburg is ruled by a system of parliamentary monarchy.
(2) The organization of the Parliament is regulated by law.
(3) The Parliament is composed of all citizens of Corumburg. A law passed under the provisions of Article 114 (5) sets the number of deputies to be appointed by the Emperor.
(4) The Parliament is divided into two parts, the House of Commons and the House of Lords. Both houses must approve a bill before it is presented to the monarch for his royal assent.
(5) The monarch may pass a bill without the consent of parliament, but it is customary for the monarch to present to the parliament a bill the monarch wishes to sign.
Article 52 [Qualifications]
(1) To qualify as a Minister it is necessary:
1. to be a Corumburger, man or woman;
2. to enjoy civil and political rights;
3. to have completed 16 years of age.
(2) To these three qualifications shall be added those determined by the law. No tax qualification may be imposed.
(3) To be eligible it is necessary:
1. to be a Corumburger, man or woman;
2. to enjoy civil and political rights;
3. to have completed 18 years of age;
4. to be resident in the Empire.
(4) No other condition of eligibility may be imposed.
Article 53 [Non-Qualification]
(1) The following may not be Ministers nor eligible:
1. persons sentenced to criminal punishment;
2. persons sentenced for minor offenses depriving them of the right to vote;
(2) No other exclusion clause may be foreseen.
(3) The right to vote may be restored to persons sentenced by penal courts by the way of reprieve.
Article 54 [Incompatibilities]
(1) If a member is unable to complete his job then he must notify the Emperor, and then the Emperor will formally dismiss the said member of parliament.
Article 55 [Other Incompatibilities]
The incompatibilities referred to in the preceding article do not preclude the law from stipulating others in the future.
Article 56 [Term]
Members are appointed for a term of life or as long as the Emperor sees fit.
Article 57 [Oath of Members]
(1) The Emperor verifies the credentials of its members and settles any disputes arising on the subject.
(2) On taking up office, members shall take the following oath:
"I swear to be faithful to the Emperor and the Imperial Family and to obey the Constitution and the laws of the Nation."
(3) This oath is to be taken at a public sitting before the Emperor.
Article 58 [Government Incompatibility]
A member appointed by the Emperor to a salaried post which he accepts immediately ceases to sit in the Parliament and does not resume his functions except by virtue of a new appointment by the Emperor or his dismissal or resignation of his salaried post.
Article 59 [Two Votes]
 If a bill has been rejected by the Parliament, then the Emperor may ask for it to be voted on again in 3 weeks.
Article 60 [Leader of the Parliament]
 The leader of the parliament is the Emperor or the heir apparent to the throne.

Article 61 [Publicity]
Sittings of the Parliament are held in public, except where otherwise provided in the rules of procedure.
Article 62 [Majority]
(1) Resolutions require an absolute majority of votes.
(2) The Parliament may not pass a resolution unless the majority of its members are present.
3) If a majority of members is not present to pass a resolution the Emperor may automatically sign it into law.
Article 63 [Voting by Role Call]
Voting on Bills as a whole always takes place by roll call.
Article 64 [Right of Inquiry]
The Parliament has the right of inquiry. The exercise of this right is regulated by the law.
Article 65 [Article by Article Voting]
No Longer applicable.
Article 66 [Amendments]
The Parliament does not have the right to amend and divide the articles and amendments proposed.
Article 67 [Petitions]
(1) Petitions to the Parliament shall be presented in person.
(2) The Parliament has the right to refer to members of the Government any petitions addressed to it. Members of the Government shall provide explanations of their contents whenever the Parliament so requests and always informs the Emperor of what is stated in the petition.
(3) The Parliament does not concern itself with any petition that has private interests in view, unless it is aimed at redressing grievances stemming from unlawful acts of the Government or the authorities, or unless the decision to intervene lies within the competence of the Parliament.
Article 68 [Indemnity]
No member may be prosecuted or investigated on account of opinions expressed or votes cast by him in the course of his duties.
Article 69 [Immunity]
No deputy can be prosecuted or arrested in a repressive matter in the course of a session, without the Parliament’s authorization, unless caught in the act of committing a serious offence. None of its members may be imprisoned for debt during the session without the same authorization. The detention or prosecution of a member is suspended during and throughout the session if the Parliament or Emperor so demands.
Article 70 [Rules of Procedure]
The Parliament determines in its rules of procedure the manner in which it exercises its powers.
Article 71 [Place of Sittings]
The sittings of the Parliament are held in the place of residence of the administration of the Empire.
Article 72 [Sessions]
(1) The parliament meets each year in ordinary session all year long
(2) The Emperor may summon the parliament to an extraordinary session; he is required to do this if a third of the members so request.
(3) Every session is opened and closed by the Emperor in person, or in his name by an authorized representative appointed for the purpose.
Article 73 [Adjournment]
The Emperor may adjourn the parliament. Such adjournment, however, may not exceed a period of one month.
Article 74 [Dissolution]
The Emperor may dissolve the parliament. New appointments are held at the earliest possible time, decided on by the Emperor.
Article 75
No longer valid.

Chapter V Government of the Empire

Article 76 [Organization of Government]
The Emperor regulates the organization of his Government.

Article 77 [Ministers] *( same thing as the parliament of deputies)
The Emperor appoints and dismisses the members of Government.
Article 78 [Responsibility]
Members of the Government are responsible.
Article 79 [No Intermediate Authority]
There is no intermediate authority between the members of Government and the Emperor.
Article 80 [Government and Parliament]
The parliament is represented by the members of the government.
Article 81 [Relief of Responsibility]
The Emperor can give an oral or written order to relieve a member of the Government of responsibility.
Article 82 [Accusation]
No longer applicable.
Article 83 [Pardon for Ministers]
The Emperor may  pardon a condemned member of the Government.

Chapter VI Judiciary
  The Empire of Corumburg will send all criminal cases to the American court system unless the Empire acquires statehood land, and then own court system will be established.  

Chapter VIII Finances

Article 99 [Taxation]
 No tax may be imposed for the benefit of the Nation except pursuant to a law. No loan to be borne by the Nation may be contracted without the consent of the Emperor and the parliament. No real property of the Nation may be alienated, unless such alienation is authorized by a special law. However, a general law may fix a limit up to which no special authorization is requested. Every purchase by the Nation of significant real property, every significant commitment of funds in large infrastructure or important building plans, must be authorized by a special law. A general law sets the thresholds from which this authorization is requested. No commitment may burden the Nation budget further than one fiscal year, except by a special law. No communal charge or tax may be introduced except with the consent of the Emperor and the parliament. A law determines the exceptions shown by experience to be necessary as regards communal taxes.
Article 100 [Renewing Taxation]
Taxes for the benefit of the Nation are voted annually. The current tax rate is thirty- dollar tax to become a citizen of the Empire of Corumburg (passport), and then a tax of twenty dollars to be paid at the beginning of each year.
Article 101 [No Privilege or Exemption]
No privilege may be introduced in the matter of taxation. No exemption or abatement may be established except by law. The Emperor and his family do not pay taxes.
Article 102 [No Other Duties]
Save in cases formally excepted by law, no recompense may be demanded of citizens or public establishments except in the form of taxes for the benefit of the Nation.
Article 103 [Pension, Half-Pay, Gratuity]
No pension, half-pay, or gratuity charged to the Treasury may
be granted except by law.
Article 104 [Accounts, Budget]
Each year, the parliament passes the Accounts Bill and votes the budget, afterward the Emperor votes into law. All revenue and expenditure of the Nation is shown in the budget and in the accounts.
Article 105 [Audit parliament]
No longer and audit parliament.
Article 106 [Salaries of Priests]
The salaries and pensions of ministers of religion shall be borne by the Nation and regulated by the law, only when the Empire has acquired "real" land and has achieved statehood.  

Article 108 [Registration Authority]
The preparation of birth, marriage, and death certificates and the keeping of the registers shall lie exclusively within the competence of the Ministry of Interior with the help of Ministry of Citizenship.

Chapter IX General Provisions

Article 109 [Capital, Seat of Government]
The city of Knoxville is the capital of the Empire and
the seat of the Government. The seat of the Government may be moved only temporarily and then only for serious reasons.
Article 110 [Oath]
(1) No oath may be imposed, except pursuant to the law, which determines in what form it is to be taken.
(2) All civil public officials, before entering upon their duties, take the following oath:
"I swear allegiance to the Emperor and the Imperial Family and obedience to the Constitution and the laws of the Nation. I promise to fulfill my duties with integrity, exactitude, and impartiality."
Article 111 [Rights of Foreigners]
Every foreigner on the territory of the Empire shall enjoy the protection afforded to persons and property, except as otherwise provided by the law.
Article 112 [Promulgation of Laws]
No law or general or communal administrative decision or regulation shall come into force until it has been published in the form determined by the law.
Article 113 [Suspension]
The Emperor has the right, under extreme circumstances, to suspend the constitution and dismiss all advisors. He must come up with a resolution to the crisis within 6 months.
Article 114 [Constitutional Amendment]
The Emperor and the parliament can act together to amend articles of the constitution if they see fit, or if the people of the Nation demand a change. Two-thrids of the people must have requested a specific change for processes to be implemented.
Article 115 [No Amendment During Regency]
During a regency, no amendment can be made to the Constitution concerning the constitutional prerogatives of the Emperor, his status as well as the order of succession.

Chapter X Transitory and Additional Provisions

Article 116 [No Accusation of Ministers]
 No minister can be accused by anyone except for the Emperor.
Article 117 [Conflicting Old Law]
From the day the Constitution enters into force, all laws, decrees, decisions, regulations, and other acts in conflict with it are abolished.

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